Rouxville History

The town started after mail irregularities at Aliwal North led authorities to re-direct mail between the Cape Colony and the Orange Free State to the farm Zuurbult (founded by Petrus Wepenaar) in 1863. The distance between Smithfield and Aliwal North (70km) was allegedly too long to be travelled in one day by horse and wagon, and as such Rouxville was created as the halfway stopover.

The town was established in 1864 and named after the Dutch Reformed Church Reverend Pieter Roux of the Smithfield parish. Roux traveled throughout the Eastern Free State for many years holding church services for local communities.

During the Second Boer War, all of the town’s citizens were called up for military service and the town was completely deserted for two years.

A former State President of the Republic of South Africa, Jacobus Johannes (Jim) Fouché (1898-1980), grew up on the family farm in Rouxville, where he first attended school. He later returned to Rouxville after College and became one of the leading farmers of the region. As a leader of the community in the wider Southeast Free State area, he entered politics when he was elected a member of the South African Parliament on the ticket of the Reunited National Party, representing nearby Smithfield (1941-1950), was appointed Administrator of the Orange Free State (1951-1959), served also as Defence Minister (1959-1965) and Minister of Agricultural technical services and water affairs (1966-1968) in the Governments of Verwoerd and Vorster. He was again elected to Parliament, this time representing Bloemfontein West (1960-1968). He was the second choice as successor to Charles Swart as State President, but was defeated by Theophilus Ebenhaezer Donges, however when Donges failed to assume office because of poor health, he emerged as a compromise candidate and was nominated by the Parliamentary caucus of the National Party as State President and served his entire 7 year term (1968-1975)


Jim Fouche's parents
The farm Klipplaatsdrift

A stone monument with the history of the farm. Die geskiedenis van die plaas.

The farm Klipplaatsdrift

The farm house. Die huis op die plaas.

The farm Klipplaatsdrift

The grave of Mrs Fouche, Jim's mum. Die graf van Mev. Fouche, Jim se ma.

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On 10 December 1899 Commandant H J Olivier of the Rouxville commando led by the Southern Free State commandos and the Stormberg rebels to a famous victory over the British forces under General Gatacre at Stormberg Junction. Only three months later, on 15 March 1900, he had to witness the regiment colonial volunteers under General Brabant take Rouxville and start the work of destruction in the Rouxville district.

Rouxville was briefly recaptured on 6 April 1900 by a commando unit under General Froneman during General De Wet’s southward counter offensive. At Garsfontein, in the Rouxville district, a Smithfield burger, Paul Greyling, was seriously wounded in a skirmish and later died in the Rouxville hospital. Rouxville was thereafter effectively defended by the strong British garrison at Aliwal North.
By the end of 1900 Rouxville was again astir the Boer commandos gathered in the district in preparation of the second invasion of the Cape Colony. Skirmishes occurred at Beestekraal and Stolzkraal where Lieutenant Nieumeyer was executed by the Boers and for which Lieutenant Liebenberg was hanged in Aliwal North. On 13 December General Brabant suffered a humiliating defeat at Waaipoort just north of Rouxville when he made a desperate attempt to prevent General Krizinger from invading the Cape Colony. Colonials died in battle or died from their wounds. Two days later Kritzinger and Scheepers crossed the Orange River at Odendaalstroom. This signalled the start of the guerrilla warfare in the Cape Colony.
During 1901 Rouxville district, just like Smithfield and Zastron, was laid waste and virtually the whole population, white as well as black, were taken to the concentration camp at Aliwal North. The flying squad mopped up all the wandering groups of Boers.
Rouxville became a ghost town and virtually ceased to exist.
After the war Rouxville soon recovered thanks to the large numbers of livestock from the district found grazing in Basutoland (Lesotho) and the North Eastern Cape during the war.